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Tuesday, February 19, 2013

Ringkasan Konfigurasi IP&Routing, DNS, WEB SERVER, & MAIL SERVER Debian 5

Ringkasan konfigurasi yang bisa digunakan buat UKK paket 3 tahun 2013 ni,silahkan disimak,,
hehe

==========================================================
Konfigurasi IP & Routing
==========================================================

# nano /etc/network/interfaces
  auto eth0
  iface eth0 inet static
address 192.168.1.2
netmask 255.255.255.0
network 192.168.1.0
broadcast 192.168.1.255
gateway 192.168.1.1

  auto eth1
  iface eth1 inet static
address 192.168.2.1
netmask 255.255.255.0
network 192.168.2.0
broadcast 192.168.2.255

  up ip addr add 192.168.2.2/24 brd 192.168.2.255 dev eth1 label eth1:0

# nano /etc/resolv.conf
  nameserver 192.168.2.1
  nameserver 8.8.8.8

# nano /etc/sysctl.conf
  #inet.ipv4.ip_forward=1 hilangkan "#"

# nano /etc/rc.local
  iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -o eth0 -j MASQUERADE

# /etc/init.d/networking restart
# ifconfig | less
# ping 192.168.1.2
# ping 192.168.2.1
# ping 192.168.2.2


=====================================================
Konfigurasi DNS Server
=====================================================
# apt-get install bind9
# cd /etc/bind
# nano named.local.conf
  //
  zone "achmadfatkur.me" {
type master;
file "/etc/bind/db.for";
  };
  zone "1.168.192.in-addr-arpa" {
type master;
file "/etc/bind/db.rev";
  };

# cp db.local db.for
# cp db.127 db.rev
# nano db.for
  $TTL
  @ IN SOA achmadfatkur.me. root.achmadfatkur.me. {
  ;
  @ IN NS achmadfatkur.me.
  @ IN NS www.achmadfatkur.me.
  @ IN MX  10  mail.achmadfatkur.me.
  @ IN A 192.168.2.1
  www IN A 192.168.2.1
  mail IN A 192.168.2.2

# nano db.rev
  $TTL
  @ IN SOA achmadfatkur.me. root.achmadfatkur.me. {
  ;
  @ IN NS achmadfatkur.me.
  1 IN PTR achmadfatkur.me.

# nano /etc/hosts
  127.0.0.1 localhosts
  192.168.2.1 achmadfatkur.me debian

# nano /etc/host.conf
  order hosts.bind

# /etc/init.d/bind9 restart
#nslookup achmadfatkur.me
#nslookup www.achmadfatkur.me
#nslookup mail.achmadfatkur.me


==================================================
Konfigurasi WEB SERVER
==================================================
# apt-get install apache2 php5
# cp /etc/apache2/sites-available/default /etc/apache2/sites-available/webachmadfatkur
# nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/webachmadfatkur
  <Virtual..... *:80>
ServerAdmin webmaster@localhost
ServerName achmadfatkur.me
ServerAlias www.achmadfatkur.me
DocumentRoot /var/www/

# nano /var/www/index.html ganti terserah
# /etc/init.d/apache2 restart
Kemudian cek di browser


======================================================
Konfigurasi Web Mail Server
======================================================
# apt-get install postfix courier-imap courier-pop squirrelmail

kemudian muncul tasksel postfix
1. Pilih "Internet Site" ,OK
2. Isikan "mail.achmadfatkur.me" ,OK

# nano /etc/squirrelmail/apache.conf
  #<VirtualHost 192.168.2.2:80>
  # DocumentRoot /usr/share/squirrelmail
  # ServerName mail.achmadfatkur.me
  #</VirtualHost>
Hilangkan "#"

# nano /etc/apache2/apache2.conf
  Pada baris terakhir tambahkan "Include /etc/squirrelmail/apache.conf"

# /etc/init.d/apache2 restart
Kemudian cek alamat mail.achmadfatkur.me

# maildirmake /etc/skel/Maildir
# dpkg-reconfigure postfix
1. OK
2. mail.achmadfatkur.me ,OK
3. kosongkan ,OK
4. pada "localhost" kita tambahkan "," ,kemudian tambahkan 0.0.0.0/0 ,OK
5. NO
6. Hapus semua ,Kemudian isikan 0.0.0.0/0
7. NO
8. 0 ,OK
9. + ,OK
10.Pilih ipv4

# nano /etc/postfix/main.cf
  Pada baris terakhir tambahkan " home_mailbox = Maildir/
# /etc/init.d/postfix restart
# /etc/init.d/courier-imap restart
# /etc/init.d/courier-pop restart

# adduser achmad ,masukkan password dan yang lainnya
# adduser fatkur ,masukan password dan yang lainnya

Kemudian cek mail,dan coba login terus kirim pesan
Kalo berhasil berarti kita sukses konfiguarsi WebMailServer kita
Kalo belum,coba kita cek kembali konfigurasi kita.

Maaf ya,,namanya juga ringkasan...ya simple gini gak lengkap..yang pasti jadi tau langkah-langkahnya and bagian file mana yang perlu dikonfigurasi / ditambah...
:)


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2 comments:

  1. gan mau nanya gimana cara nya buat DNS lebih dari 1 dan bisa di cek dig sama nslookup

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. itu gan yang ada di db.for
      ------
      @ IN A 192.168.2.1
      www IN A 192.168.2.1 --> dns web
      mail IN A 192.168.2.2 --> dns email
      -------

      sorry kalo mau tny-tnya lg hari ini ndak bisa aku jawab,.,, mau belajar dulu,,
      besok UN..
      :)

      Delete

 

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